208. Implement Trie (Prefix Tree)

Implement a trie with insert, search, and startsWith methods.

Note:
You may assume that all inputs are consist of lowercase letters a-z.

public class Trie {

    public class TrieNode {
        public char val;
        public boolean isWord;
        public TrieNode[] children = new TrieNode[26];
        public TrieNode () {};
        public TrieNode (char c) {
            TrieNode node = new TrieNode();
            node.val = c;
        }
    }

    private TrieNode root;

    /** Initialize your data structure here. */
    public Trie() {
        root = new TrieNode(' ');
    }

    /** Inserts a word into the trie. */
    public void insert(String word) {
        TrieNode node = root;
        for (int i = 0; i < word.length(); i++) {
            char c = word.charAt(i);
            if (node.children[c - 'a'] == null) {
                node.children[c - 'a'] = new TrieNode(c);
            }
            node = node.children[c - 'a'];
        }
        node.isWord = true;
    }

    /** Returns if the word is in the trie. */
    public boolean search(String word) {
        TrieNode node = root;
        for (int i = 0; i < word.length(); i++) {
            char c = word.charAt(i);
            if (node.children[c - 'a'] == null) return false;
            node = node.children[c - 'a'];
        }
        return node.isWord;
    }

    /** Returns if there is any word in the trie that starts with the given prefix. */
    public boolean startsWith(String prefix) {
        TrieNode node = root;
        for (int i = 0; i < prefix.length(); i ++) {
            char c = prefix.charAt(i);
            if (node.children[c - 'a'] == null) return false;
            node = node.children[c - 'a'];
        }
        return true;
    }
}

/**
 * Your Trie object will be instantiated and called as such:
 * Trie obj = new Trie();
 * obj.insert(word);
 * boolean param_2 = obj.search(word);
 * boolean param_3 = obj.startsWith(prefix);
 */
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